Rethymnon is the capital of the homonymous prefecture and the seat of the metropolitan homonym of Crete. It has a lot of tourist activity during the summer, with over 10,500 active students making the city particularly vibrant during the rest of the year. The city has a population of 34,300. It is the third largest city of Crete after Heraklion and Chania. The old town of Rethymnon retains much of the urban fabric, as it was formed during the Venetian occupation, with the changes brought about by Turkish conquests and continued occupation to this day. It has been characterized as a historic preserved monument and a traditional settlement. It is located on the north coast of Crete, on the east side of the bay of Almyros (at an altitude of 10 meters).