Ostracism in Ancient Greece
Ostracism is a word which is used in many languages. But what the ostracism was back in Ancient Greece?The ostracism was a voting procedure through which was determined if a dangerous (for the city) individual was about be led to a mandatory exile or not. It first appeared in Ancient Athens around 6th century B.C. as an institution of the Athenian Democracy and later it was used by more cities with democratic polities.
The procedure of the ostracism was as follows: they used to close off the Agora in order to create an enclosure which was divided in 10 pieces with the same entrance. According to their tribe the people were entering those pieces and were leaving a pottery (ostracon) with the name of individual they wanted to ostracise on it.
In for order someone to be ostracised it was necessary his name to be on more than 6.000 ostracons. The citizen that was condemned had a deadline of 10 days to arrange their personal affairs. During the first yeas the exile was lasting 10 years but later 5 years.
The ostracism was first used as a mean to protect democracy. Gradually this institution lost its meaning because it was used by a lot of parties as a mean of obliteration of their rivals.